判教 Pungāu

A 判教 pungāu (Mand. ‘panjiao’) is a ‘doctrinal discernment’ (literally: ‘judgement on the teachings’). The practice came into natural effect in Chinese Mahāyāna where opposite and incomplete schools of thoughts had to be confronted and hierarchised. As a language teacher myself in secular life, I acknowledge the importance for the teacher (and their teachings) to submit to the student’s inquiry and personal discernment. So has to happen for doctrinal teachings.

The following is a personal 判教 pungāu and has no pretention to lecture institutions but rather offers a mapping of relative connectivity with the broad-lined faiths, whatever culture they have been embodied in, or how they have been formulated. Given my cultural universalism, some of these texts might not be part of national or institutional canons, but the top of the list is mapped in accordance with 法藏 Fazong’s intellectual tradition. Textual priority is also a question of continuum for me, so there is a pyramidal development from the top to the bottom of the page. This page can be taken as an official statement of faith in a formal approach, while it needs to be remembered that the Absolute is always above denominations and human-written texts.

Links lead to copies of editions available online.


FLOWER ORNAMENT SCRIPTURES

गण्डव्यूह सूत्र Gaṇḍavyūha Sūtra in Original Sanskrit – Nucleus of the Flower Ornament Scripture

Suzuki & Idzumi Edition – SUZUKI Daisetsu Teitaro and IDZUMI Hokei, Kyoto’s Sanskrit Buddhist Texts Publishing Society, 1934

Digital Sanskrit Buddhist Canon Project Edition – University of the West and Kathmandu’s Nagarjuna Institute

आवतंसक सूत्र Avataṃsaka Sūtra – Whole Flower Ornament Scripture

The Flower Ornament Scripture – English translation by CLEARY Thomas

Avataṃsaka Sūtra – English translation (from Classical Chinese) with commentary by 宣化 Hsuan Hua

大方廣佛華嚴經 Avataṃsaka Sūtra – Chinese version

AWAKENING OF FAITH IN THE MAHĀYĀNA

大乘起信論 Awakening of Faith in the Mahāyāna

大乘起信論 Awakening of Faith in the Mahāyāna – English translation by SUZUKI Daisetsu Teitaro

OTHER SCRIPTURES

तथागतगर्भसूत्र Tathāgatagarbha Sūtra

梵網經 Brahmajāla Sūtra

ἩΡΆΚΛΕΙΤΟΣ Heraclitus Fragments

大毘盧遮那成佛神變加持經 Mahāvairocana Tantra

ΑἹ ἘΝΝΕΆΔΕΣ ΤΟΥ ΠΛΩΤΊΝΟΥ Plotinus Enneads – Greek original and French & English translations

अङ्गुलिमालीयसूत्र Aṅgulimālīya Sūtra

महायान महापरिनिर्वाणसूत्र Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra

महायान उत्तरतन्त्रशास्त्र Mahāyāna Uttaratantra Śāstra

ἘΚΚΛΗΣΤΙΑΣΤΉΣ Ecclesiastes – Greek original